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Government Debt Strategy and Issuance of Maiden 20 Year Bond - Press Release by the Ministry of Finance

The Ministry of Finance issued a debut 20-year domestic bond to investors with a settlement date of 26th August, 2019.

This was in accordance with the Issuance calendar, which is published on a quarterly basis at the beginning of each quarter.

Government Debt Strategy

In the Issuance Calendar for the 3rd Quarter, the government included the possibility of issuing a 20-year bond for the first time subject to market conditions, and indicated a target size of up to GH¢450 million.

The primary reason for the issuance of a debut 20-year bond was to extend the tenor, yield curve, and establish a benchmark. This also helps to deepen the domestic market and improve liquidity through the issuance of benchmark size bonds that will be sizeable enough for investors to trade in and out of, thereby creating liquidity, better price discovery or pricing and deepening the secondary market.

It was in line with this strategy that the Government of Ghana in consultation with the Joint Book Runners (JBRs) and investors decided to issue a 20-year bond through a shelf offering to extend the tenor and the yield curve from 15 years to 20 years.

The government was aware that given the current market conditions and the limited appetite for longer dated bonds, the size of the debut issue was unlikely to be of a benchmark size, and that was the reason it was structured as a shelf offering so additional issuances could be done over time to reach the targeted GH¢450 million benchmark level. As such contrary to misleading articles published by media houses such as Bloomberg, this was not a failed or under subscribed offering but a fairly priced offering that has established another data point along our yield curve.

This strategy is consistent with the government's 2019 Annual Borrowing Plan and 2019 Medium Term Debt Strategy of issuing longer dated bonds beyond 10 years to extend the yield curve further. It is also consistent with our efforts to deepen the domestic debt market by building benchmark securities through tap-ins, rather than excessive new issuances. It is also part of our strategy to re-profile the domestic debt portfolio by reducing the percentage of shorter dated instruments of 91 and 182-day bills, which dominates our bond market and increases rollover risks.

As such, the Ministry has been successful in sticking to its strategy of elongating Ghana’s yield curve with the issuance of the highest tenor bond (20-year bond) on the domestic market. Prior to this, the longest dated bonds on the domestic market was the 15-year bond.

Read the full press release by the Ministry of Finance here

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